Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition that affects the body’s central nervous system, which may cause weakness and fatigue. It rather affects a person’s life and ability to perform particular activities. As a result, dating someone with MS differs from dating a person without the condition. This article seeks to reveal some of the ways that MS can affect relationships and talks about how people can subsidize a partner with MS.
DEFINITION OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS( MC)
Multiple sclerosis is assumed as an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its tissues. It is a paralyzing disease of the brain and spinal cord.MS occurs when the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin); the fatty substance that protects nerves in the body, covers nerve fibers, and causes communication issues between your brain and the rest of your body resulting in symptoms such as unsteadiness, weakness, quivers, and tiredness.
However, the signs and symptoms of MS differ and depend on the portion of nerve affected and which nerves are damaged. This is because people with severe MS may fail to walk independently or at all, while others may suffer long periods of remission without any symptoms. This is very important to hit on because it helps the other partner without MS adapt when in a relationship.Sadly, there's no cure for multiple sclerosis. But treatments can assist in speedy recovery from attacks, rectify the course of the disease, and manage symptoms.
SYMPTOMS OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS(MS).
Multiple sclerosis signs and symptoms vary largely from one person to another and throughout the disease depending on the area of affected nerve fibers. Mostly, the common symptoms of MS are movement and fatigue issues. Both of these symptoms can affect a person’s capability to engage in certain activities, such as walking when there is a weakness in one or more limbs that typically occurs on one side of your body at a time or your legs.Also, electric-shock emotions occur with certain neck movements.
In simple terms, people with MS can experience:
· Dizziness or loss of balance
· Instability while walking
· Limb clumsiness
· Stiffness of muscles
· Muscle weakness
· Blurry vision
Any of these symptoms can make it more difficult to move around.
Moving on, numerous people with MS also experience fatigue. With this in mind, it is essential to understand that fatigue is different from normal tiredness. While tiredness can arise after having a busy day, fatigue means a person has insufficient energy than normal at the start of the day. It may make someone feel heavy, weak, unable to move.
CAUSES OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS(MS).
The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. But it's said to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. MS is a condition your immune system mistakes part of your body for a foreign substance and attacks it as said earlier. So, it's not clear what causes the immune system to attack the myelin sheath. But, likely, it's somewhat caused by genes you inherit from your parents and partly by outside factors that may trigger the disease. However, Some factors have been suggested as possible causes of MS. This includes:
1.Family history of genes: MS isn't directly inherited, but people who are related to someone with the condition are more likely to develop it; the chance of a child developing MS If one of the parents or siblings have had MS, are at higher risk.
2.lack of sunlight- MS is more common in countries far from the equator, which could mean that a lack of sunlight and low vitamin D levels may play a role in the condition, but it's not known yet, whether vitamin D supplements can help avoid MS
3. Sex. Women are more than two to three times as likely as men to develop MS.
Age. MS can happen at any age, but it usually occurs around 20 and 40 years of age. Nonetheless, younger people can equally get it as older people.
5.obesity – people who were obese during their teenage years have an increased risk of developing MS
6.viral sicknesses – it's been suggested that infections, particularly those caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (responsible for glandular fever), might trigger the immune system, leading to MS in some peopleIt is difficult for a person with MS to clarify how they feel to someone who has not experienced any of their symptoms. However, this does not make it unreal. Fatigue can affect people mentally as well as physically, which may make complicated activities more unthinkable. As a result, Individuals who are dating or want to be in a relationship with someone who has MS needs to bear this in mind.
- Exercising patient: If someone has symptoms that affect coordination, they may move, think, or speak more slowly than usual. Be patient and offer them time to do things at their rate.
- Be adaptable: Although a person with MS may not want their disease to dictate their lives, their friends should be adaptable to shifting plans. MS can be unpredictable and may require someone to alter scheduled activities.
- Listening to them: People with MS have the best knowledge of their symptoms and how they impact their daily life. So, we should listen to them when they speak.
THE MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL IMPACT OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
Living with multiple sclerosis is emotionally challenging. People with MS may have feelings of sorrow about their diagnosis. They can also experience anxiety and worry about their symptoms or the progression of the condition or even develop depression. Sometimes, MS causes a lot of mood changes. An unusual example is a pseudobulb affected, which causes them to laugh even though they do not find something funny. People with this situation experience a disconnect between how they feel and how they communicate their emotions. In a nutshell, partners should be sensitive to the impact MS has on mental health by taking note of the following:
1.Avoid force positivity: individuals should strive to be positive all the time, even in situations that would normally make someone sad or angry. This idea creates pressure for people to ask how they feel. While it can be helpful to look for positives in difficult situations, it is also important to acknowledge those difficulties and talk honestly about them.
2.Active listening: Active listening is when individuals allow the other person to talk freely and openly without attempting to solve the problem or offer advice. Instead, respond with statements such as “that sounds difficult” or “you have been through a lot lately.” Rather than offering advice, ask questions, such as “what do you think would work best?” or “what advice would you give me if I were in your shoes?”
Lastly, being in a relationship with people who has MS can be a basis of happiness and contentment. However, the condition can also be challenging. people may need to adapt their approach to spending quality time together, being intimate, and maintaining an emotional connection. Also, being patient, and support is essential for partners of individuals with MS.
- "Multiple Sclerosis Causes: Possible Causes & Risk Factors of MS" https://www.webmd.com/multiple-sclerosis/multiple-sclerosis-causes
2. "What You Need to Know When Your Partner Has MS" https://www.healthcentral.com/slideshow/9-things-know-when-your-partner-has-ms
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