Plastic surgery

JESSICA MAWU-KOENYA BANSAH

If you had the chance to change something about yourself, what would it be? The nose? The lips? Well, due to increasing science and technology, you can literally change anything about yourself. Thanks to plastic surgery, people are beginning to look younger, fresher, diverse, more confident, and attractive yet some people frown upon it So what is so bad about it?

History of plastic surgery

World war 1 was a sight to behold. The world was at war and weaponry at its maximum use. Tanks, machine guns, poison gas, and modern weaponry killed millions, destroyed properties, and some of those who survived returned home with serious deformities. Surgeons had never seen such injuries like that before so they had to get creative.  They had to find ways to reconstruct people’s faces, noses, jaws, and major tissues. they spent years working on the same patients to make them look like themselves again. Some were easier but others required the use of prosthetic masks to make them look pleasant again. Their work shifted from just getting the organs working and repairing injuries to making them look aesthetically pleasing.

One of the World War 1 soldiers named Professor Dr. J. Joseph took plastic surgery to another level. He helped those who presented with no injuries but wished to change or hide certain features of theirs. His work put plastic surgery on the spectrum as something a person could do for aesthetics alone.

In the mid-20s, it became more common, especially for actors and actresses as well as other public figures.

Presently, plastic surgery is open to all even the less privileged in society. You can change your ears, stomach, eye shape, nose, breasts, buttocks, lips, jawline, etc. it has become cheap and less sophisticated reducing the risks that the former people faced.

The question is how far is normal? If bathing, shaving, and doing makeup enhance a person’s beauty, then why should society complain if a person gets a boob job, a butt lift, filler, or Botox? In the past, body hair was normal but it has now become routine for people to shave especially parts people can see such as the armpits. If such practices have become routine and others even required, isn’t there a possibility that these new additions can gain ground someday?

Types of plastic surgery

1. Endoscopic surgery

This type of technique involves the aid of a camera into hollow organs or parts. It is normally used for procedures such as eyebrow lifts, belly buttons, and so on.

2. Flap surgery

This involves the movement of tissues to recreate new parts such as breasts or fill in defects in some regions of the body such as the nose or even after skin cancers.

3. Laser technology

This type is usually for scar management or burnt patients. In the cosmetic world, it is used to improve the damage of scars, sun damage, and even skin resurfacing.

4. Skin grafts

This normally goes hand in hand with laser technology. Skin grafts occurs when one part of the skin is removed from a place and attached to another body part.

5. Tissue expansion

This type is mostly used in breast construction and implants. It is also used for people with scalp defects to spread the production of hair in certain regions.

Generally, cosmetic plastic surgery is grouped into two main types:

· Face

Facelift, neck lift, tired eye lifts

· Body

Surgeries for reshaping and contouring the breast, liposuction and liposculpture, tummy tucks, and for body contouring for weight loss.

Effects of plastic surgery

Plastic surgery is just a type of surgery. It means it involves the same or similar risks just like an ordinary surgery.

1. Infection

Instruments and tools used by surgeons will be sterilized but there will always be a certain level of risk of infection.

2. Unexpected reaction to anesthesia

During surgery, a person is put on anesthesia which makes them fall asleep or feel little to no pain during the procedure. Sometimes, these drugs can have sudden reactions in the body.

3. Blood clots

Some types of cosmetic surgery involve the removal of fats and tissues from one part to another or even at the wrong place. Clots may form during these movements. These clots can block the arteries and cause severe complications such as stroke, infections, and sometimes death.

4. Excessive bleeding

As mentioned early on, it is like any other surgery hence blood will be lost. Blood loss must be replaced immediately. Also, the surgeon must not overlook any internal bleeding whatsoever.

5. Scarring

Most surgeries may involve a level of an incision. After a successful surgery, a scar will form which is perfectly normal. Cosmetic surgeries are to improve the phenotypic expression but a scar especially bigger ones may end up doing the exact opposite of the intended surgery.

6. Nerve damage

7. Fluid buildup

8. Skin redness

9. Irritation or pain

10. Bruising

Complications may worsen with individuals with a compromised immune system, poor lifestyles as well as those with some underlying medical conditions.
If an individual wants to go ahead with plastic surgery after learning about the possible risks and complications, then:

· Research your plastic surgeon to be certain he or she is qualified and accredited to perform the surgery.

· Ask every possible question

· Follow every instruction

· Answer all the questions genuinely.

Plastic surgery is undoubtedly good and makes the individuals feel better than before. However, is it okay to live in a world where a person thinks cutting or resizing a part of their body is going to make them feel better? What are the implications on the younger generation? What do you think?

References

  1. Johns Hopkins Medicine. Plastic surgery techniques. Retrieved from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/plastic-surgery-techniques
  2. Stanford Health Care. Surgical tools used in plastic surgery. Retrieved from https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-treatments/p/plastic-surgery/procedures.html
Health

JESSICA MAWU-KOENYA BANSAH

A young lady who is excited to influence the society and world with the knowledge she has acquired.