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WHAT TRIGGERS ANXIETY IN TEENAGERS.

ASANTEWAA BEATRICE
ASANTEWAA BEATRICE


Anxiety is a natural facet of life and can impact anyone. Sometimes, if anxiety becomes irresistible and doesn’t go away, it can be a hint of a more serious anxiety disorder. However, This phase of life is filled up with intense feelings and drama, Moody, angry, nervous, sensitive, or emotional for teenagers. But with support from family and friends, anxiety can be managed by the treatment provided in this piece. So let delve into the topic of Teens' anxiety and its causes.

WHAT IS ANXIETY?


Anxiety is an emotion of persistent worry, or nervousness, usually about a particular event or about everyday circumstances. It is normal for everyone to feel anxiety occasionally. However, a person who experiences persistent and severe anxiety may have an anxiety disorder. Such disorders are common and highly treatable. Take note that Weakening anxiety involves a drastic sense of fear. Some people refer to this unreasonable anxiety and worry as “apprehensive expectation.” This type of anxiety can make it hard for a person to function.
Moving on, teen anxiety is not medically different from mental health from adult anxiety. However, the symptoms of these problems may present differently in teenagers than they do in adults. This may be the result of the different developmental and social challenges that teenagers face, such as hormonal changes, developing brains and bodies, and peer pressure.
Anxiety in teenagers has been related to high levels of stress, the low personality of life, and, many more.

CAUSES OF TEENAGE ANXIETY.


There are many possible causes of anxiety in teenagers. These include:


Genetics:

Teenagers with a family history of mood or anxiety disorders may be at higher risk of developing them. Anxiety can be genetic. Specifically, it is a trait that is heritable or genetically transmitted from one generation to the next. Our genetics is broad, a term to refer to characteristics and traits we are born with. These are physical features that are ours, whether we want them or not. There is evidence that anxiety is transmitted by six genes, which are also associated with depression. However, anxiety in adolescents is expressed as irritability. Men who are depressed are also more likely to be angry, while depressed women are more likely to be fearful. Neurologically, it makes sense that anxiety, depression, and irritability are all interconnected.

Variations in the brain: Teenagers’ brains are structurally different from adults’ brains. Modifications in teenagers’ brain circuits that are involved in responses to danger and rewards can increase stress levels. Teenagers with anxiety may also have different levels of neurotransmitters — such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine — in their brains. These influence the regulation of moods and behaviour.


Contradicting thought patterns: Anxiety in teenagers may be linked to negative thought patterns. If teenagers have regular exposure to negative thinking — often from their parents — they may also develop negative views of everyday situations.

Traumatic pressure: Teenagers with a history of trauma — such as sexual abuse, confusion, violence, or involvement in an accident may be more probable to suffer anxiety.


Tensions of puberty: Teenagers who are undergoing puberty may go through hormonal changes that affect their mood and deal with the stresses of a changing body, which can make them feel different from their friends.


Environment: A teenager’s social, school, and home environments can have an impact on their mental health. Problems such as abuse and negligence, divorce in the family, being intimidated, poverty, learning disabilities, and struggling to conform to may all contribute to and anxiety.


Substance misuse: Drug and alcohol misuse may affect teenagers’ moods and lead to anxiety. They may swerve to these substances to self-medicate their feelings.


Free will: Our choices and decision-making processes are also an important factor that causes anxiety.  The daily choices we make can either increase or decrease our risk of anxiety. In this way, the role of free will can drain anxiety. The choice to seek treatment is another important decision.


SYMPTOMS OF TEENAGE ANXIETY.


It can be tough for a parent or caretaker to distinguish between the attitude that is a normal part of growing up and character that may imply a mental health condition. However, If behavioural changes last for weeks or months, and they intervene with a teenager’s daily life, they may be symptoms of anxiety. The following are symptoms of teens anxiety.

  1. Panic attack: Panic attacks generate very intense feelings of fear, accompanied by terrible physical symptoms. This drastic fear is typically escorted by unexpected heartbeat, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, chest tightness, nausea, and fear of dying. Panic attacks arise in isolation, but if they occur frequently and unexpectedly, they may be a sign of panic disorder.
  2. Tense Muscles: Muscle tension is strongly linked to anxiety, but the direction of the relationship is not well understood. Treating muscle tension has been shown to help reduce symptoms of worry.
  3. Difficulty Concentrating: Difficulty concentrating can be one sign of anxiety and it is a reported symptom in the majority of the population diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder.
  4. Fatigue: Fatigue can be a sign of an anxiety disorder if it is accompanied by excessive worrying.
  5. Restlessness: Restlessness alone is not sufficient to diagnose an anxiety disorder, but it can be one symptom, especially if it happens continually.


6.They sleep too much or too little or seem constantly tired.


7.They are spending more and more time alone and avoiding social activities.


8.They drink alcohol, use drugs, and smoke.


9.They feel deep sorrow or anguish.

10.They are often unstable and lash out.


11.They have suicidal thoughts.

TREATMENT OF TEENAGERS ANXIETY.

Healthcare personnel will treat a teenager’s anxiety, based on the harshness of the condition. They may suggest talk therapy and medication. Usually, a combination of the two is the most helpful treatment. However, a combination of antidepressants can help enhance the chemical imbalance in the teenager’s brain. Meanwhile, talk therapy may help combat negative thought patterns and behaviours. More importantly, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)Trusted Source has put out a warning that antidepressants may cause some children and teenagers to experience suicidal thoughts. The FDA has approved two drugs to treat anxiety in children: fluoxetine (Prozac), for children aged 8 years and older, and escitalopram (Lexapro), for children aged 12 years and older.
NATURAL REMEDIES TO SOLVE ANXIETY IN TEENS.
Natural remedies are generally safe to use along with more traditional medical therapies.

Exercise.


1.Exercise may help to treat anxiety. Exercise is a great way to burn off anxious energy.


2. Herbal supplements.
Many herbal supplements Like herbal teas, claim to reduce anxiety.


3.Writing
Learning a way to communicate anxiety can make it feel more painless.


4.Meditation can help to hamper racing thoughts, making it easier to manage stress and anxiety.


In conclusion, Parents of teenagers who have anxiety can help them by discerning the situation. They should help their teenagers find a therapist that they feel comfortable talking with and discuss a treatment program with a medical professional. Parents and caretakers can also try to motivate their teenagers to exercise, be social, schedule their activities into manageable pieces, and find a platform for their emotions, such as a magazine.

REFERENCES

1. Lander ES., Schork NJ. Genetic dissection of complex traits. Science.1994;265:2037. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

2. Anxiety and Depression Association of America: Social Anxiety Disorder. Retrieved September 5, 2016.

3."Teen anxiety and depression: Causes, symptoms, and more" https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/teen-anxiety-and-depression

ASANTEWAA BEATRICE

I am an artless lady who seeks to improve the health care of children in deprived areas with little knowledge l have. I love to write, motivate, and inspire people with academic challenges.